To create framework conditions for retaining human capital and to counter brain drain Re-Turn aims at pushing the topic of return migration on the political agenda in CE regions. The project provides an account of the extent of return migration, competences and needs of returning migrants as well as concrete measures to promote remigration as a source to foster knowledge development. Re-Turn will develop, test and implement joint strategies, new support policies, tools and services in participating regions to achieve this in a sustainable way.
Only combining differing viewpoints from sending (PL, HU, SI) & receiving countries (AT, CZ, DE, IT) can result in a realistic approach to support return migration. Transnational collaboration helps to think “out of the box” and to become independent from regional paradigms which contradict strategic solutions.
Re-Turn’s main activities are linked to development and implementation of services needed to support migrants in their wish to return as well as promotion of returning migrants as a source of innovative enterprise development. Main outputs will help to achieve sustainable services and support structures to promote return migration (online-tool presenting regional and national remigration trends, handbook with transnational management tools to promote return migration, long-term implemented monitoring tools and support services for return migration).
Based on Re-Turn project, participating regions will strengthen their competitiveness in the long run which will help further cohesion. Perception of decision-makers will change by addressing returning migrants as added value. This will be demonstrated with a joint memorandum of understanding and changed policy documents and working procedures in participating regions for better knowledge development with returning migrants.
The project is divided into 5 Work Packages.
After presenting the project idea at Central Programme Conference in Verona and receiving positive feedback from potential partners and programme representatives, a consortium of partners located in DE, AT, CZ, PL, HU, IT, SI was established. Partners met in Vienna on 22nd-23rd of March 2010 to develop a work plan and break it into tasks (meeting was organized by PP2). Tasks were shared between PPs based on their competences and interest. Partnership structure was discussed and partners took decision about final list of PPs to be involved. Based on agreement, partnership structure was further developed by involving 22 associated organizations (including 8 public authorities, 6 regional labour offices, 5 business associations/ intermediaries). Final development of Application Form was coordinated by LP based on input received from all partners and results from a preparatory survey.
A Transnational Advisory Board (TAB), consisting of regional level decision takers and senior officers of associated practice partners, will be implemented.
At project start, Communication Manager will develop a communication plan and draft an easy-to-understand Re-Turn project brochure in English. English version will be translated into project languages (CZ, DE, HU, IT, SI, PL). Once a year, 1 press release (translated in 7 languages) will accompany every second SC mtg. Final project results will be addressed at the final conference open to public held in month 35, accompanied with a transnational press conference. The website has a members’ area that will contain all internal project materials. The website's public section will be updated at least monthly with new documentation and interim project results. Also newsletters will be available for download and subscription.
Electronic newsletters will be mailed out transnationally to a wide spectrum of stakeholders in the area of labour migration. Newsletters will contain user specific sections for the project's target groups and give detailed information about the project's core outputs from WPs3-5. With a documentary targeting a wide audience from professionals in intermediaries and public authorities dealing with migration and labour market issues to education institutions, Re-Turn project starting point (return migration challenges) and results (services for returning migrants) will be demonstrated. The documentary will be shown at the final conference. Throughout the whole project life time, at regional level all partners will use regional and national media to spread and communicate Re-Turn activities and results.
The aim of WP3 is to provide an account of current national and regional framework conditions. We will actively involve decision makers within regional workshops, which will be organized to discuss the needs for improvement of current framework conditions on regional level. The qualitative approach will be linked to the main target groups (1) regional public authorities and labour market organizations, (2) intermediaries, (3) business associations, (4) migrant groups. The main activities within this work package will be conducted as desk research with comparison of the results of available data from participating nations, setting up surveys about migrants and business needs related to returning migrants, discussions with regional project groups and with target groups at international meetings.
The main expected output of this work package will be:
All these results will form the basis for using potential benefits of return migration for regional knowledge development. The activities will be conducted with the participation of all partners and for all participating countries.
Firstly best practices/success stories of Tools and Methods, dealing with the problem of emigration, attraction of returning migrants and local/regional development/economical benefits will be identified and benchmarks described. To adapt best practice methods/tools and to develop new methods and tools for the pilot projects, intermediaries as key-initiators for supporting the success of Re-Turning will be involved in transnational workshops. Regional skill development training sessions (short- and long-term) for them are developed and rolled out.
For joint management and the involvement of regional decision makers in the pilot areas, a handbook will offer tools to promote migrants as a source to foster knowledge development. In the preparation phase of Re-Turn three different approaches have been identified. In the project involved are partners from regions with an ongoing emigration process, an internal migration process and a returning process of skilled employees. Therefore three different tools will be developed:
Accordingly, 3 transnational task forces will be established, consisting of PPs involved in the 3 tools development. Different methods & tools will be adapted or new developed and firstly described as tool-concepts.
Afterwards local and regional working groups will be created to implement and test these methods and tools. In this process decision makers and stakeholders (emigrants, remigrants) are strictly involved. For the joint planning, developing and exchanging of experiences together with intermediaries, a transnational project seminar and a mid-term conference (also for regional decision takers from CE) will be organized. To get the correct information about the successful pilots and new tools/methods monitoring, new evaluation methods for lessons learnt from implementation will be developed and delivered in a manual. The tested pilots will be evaluated according to the new methods, and the positively evaluated pilots will be used for a comparative analysis to develop a sustainability concept as a handbook or manual.
In this way, WP5 actions help to implement tools, proceedings and services to improve framework conditions for returning migrants and help to make effective use of their work force within Central Europe. Furthermore it will show methods on how to use their obtained knowledge, experiences and language skills in order to increase the regional competitiveness. The exchange of best practices by the project partners shall help to show how employers can make use of the specific skills and abilities of returning migrants.