The Memorandum of Understanding follows the activities and outputs of the project Regions benefitting from returning migrants (Re-turn) which lasted from May 2011 to July 2014. The project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.
The cooperation of parties signing the Memorandum of Understanding should take the core outputs of the Re-Turn project into consideration. The main outputs are as follows:
1. Online visualisation platform on return migration trends in Central Europe
2. Toolkit with methods and instruments of success stories
3. Handbook with Transnational joint planning and management tools
4. Tools and services to re-attract emigrants
5. Regional Action Plans helping to improve the capitalisation of returning migrants particular competence to the long term benefit of regional knowledge development
6. Transnational Strategy for decision takers, senior officers from regional authorities and labour attracting and reintegrating migrants
The region of Central Europe (CE) is an integrated area of Europe having a substantial market with approximately 140 million people. High level of intraregional trade and market integrity shows CE as a functional macro-region. According to the Europe 2020 Strategy and its flagship initiatives, the CE area shows itself as a globally competitive macro-region of Europe. With increased interaction and collaboration, Central Europe has a potential for even stronger global competitiveness by utilizing the whole resource base of the region.
In 2004 and 2007 the right to work in any other EU country has been granted to more than 100 million people who lived in the new member states of the EU. This caused significant economically motivated migration of people to high-income countries in Western and Northern Europe intensifying brain drain processes of many regions.
The creation of framework conditions for re-attracting these emigrants and for countering brain drain is the main goal of the Re-Turn project. The Re-Turn consortium considers the return migration as beneficial to regional development in Central Europe. Analyses in the frame of the Re-Turn project identified a large scale of knowledge and skills (languages, financial capital, contacts, intercultural behavior, time flexibility, open-mindedness and spatial mobility) of returnees which have positive impact to home regions when local conditions allow their capitalization.
Only by combining differing viewpoints from sending and receiving countries policies can result in a realistic approach to support return migration. Transnational collaboration helps to become independent from regional paradigms which contradict strategic solutions.
Making use of the Re-Turn project outputs, participating regions should strengthen their competitiveness in the long run through future collaboration. This will be demonstrated with this joint Memorandum of Understanding as well as with changed policy documents and working procedures in participating regions for better knowledge development with returning migrants.
The purpose of this Memorandum is threefold:
- to create a formal basis to develop collaboration in the fields of exchange and sharing information and best practices in return migration policies and projects,
- to provide decision makers with recommendations and guidelines for return migration support measures and policies in their respective regions as well as in other regions in Central Europe,
- to create a positive perception of return migration at the EU policy level and as such providing a basis for policies that support return migration and labour mobility.
- By signing the cooperation agreement, the partners have a commitment to foster the return migration activities within the CE region, furthermore express their openness to cooperate with other EU regions.
- The parties representing partner regions have agreed on the shared best practices, collaborating on project opportunities and discussing new return migration policies.
- The parties representing partner regions have agreed on the shared challenges and opportunities and see the need for further collaboration and sustainable contribution to return policy development in the CE region, in close relation to all related EU policies for 2014-2020.
- Cooperation under this memorandum may cover all the topics of mutual interest in which all Parties are implementing or supporting activities to foster return migration.
- The parties will make use of the e-mail list compiled during the Re-Turn project for circulating relevant information.
- The parties will make use of the Re-Turn website www.re-migrants.eu as a platform for the exchange of information.
The signatories share the view that collaboration activities shall be conducted on the basis of the following principles:
- Mutual benefit based on an overall balance of advantages.
- Timely exchange of information which may affect collaborative activities.
- Nothing in this MoU shall be deemed to be a commitment or obligation of funds from either party.
- The MoU might be signed by any additional party committing to these principles.
Board of Members and Membership
1. There shall be a Board of Members composed of representatives of the Parties.The role of the Board of Members shall be to supervise and review the operation of this memorandum
4. The Board of Members will meet once a year, if agreed by all Parties, audio or video conference may replace meetings. The Board of Members shall be convened by the request of each Party or agreed on the Board of Members meeting.
5. All Parties singing this Memorandum of Understanding shall be called "Founding Members". Third interested Parties may submit candidature for joining. Their acceptance will be compiled by majority vote of all the founding members.
Entry into force, duration and termination
This Memorandum of Understanding shall enter into force after the ratification by all Parties.
The Memorandum of Understanding shall initial be valid for a period of two years and may be renewed by mutual agreement between Parties.
This Memorandum of Understanding may be amended by agreement of the Parties. Amendments shall enter into force after the ratification by all Parties.
This Memorandum of Understanding does not create any enforceable rights or impose any legally binding obligations on the Parties.This Memorandum of Understanding may be terminated by either party giving the other party notice in writing.